What is the purpose? Does a girl not make her own life decisions? Enlighten me
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For most of human history, women were not considered full people. They had no influence in politics, no voting rights, limited or no property rights, etc. They were considered feeble and inferior and were treated essentially like property of men whose value lied in their ability to provide both heirs and alliances between families and bloodlines. In that respect, marriage was essentially a transfer of property from the original owner (father) who had no use for a daughter to a new owner (husband) who needed a woman to provide him with children and maintain his household while he was away doing typical manly things like hunting, farming, or fighting. In most cultures the marriage came with a transfer of other property or wealth... sometimes a dowry (paid from father to husband, ostensibly the wife's property, but really only became hers if her husband died) and sometimes a brideprice (paid from husband to father). The woman's opinion was immaterial, the only consideration was how the marriage benefited the father and the husband either through financial gain, political gain, or social status.
So that's essentially where it derives from, since women used to be unable to marry of their own accord.1