Phrasal verbs i mean verbs with prepositions like get up or fly by unfortunately they are very important in English and guessing their meaning is nearly impossible for most of people who learn English is there a way to guess their meaning? How can you native English speakers guess their meaning? I think there must be a way really How can we connect get and up to say we wake? I can't understand really in my language we dont do this so i can't understand the logic behind phrasal verbs. Oh I am so sleepy i hope i didn't make wrong sentences i hope you will help me my friends :) thank you :)
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I'm not a native speaker but close enough since I major in English linguistics and literature. As far as I know, phrasal verbs must be learned and memorized the hard way. I'm sorry ;-). I strongly, strongly doubt that there's a way to simply guess their meaning. If there was, I would probably have heard of it by now. They're kind of like learning the genders in German. Nobody can tell you why bus is masculine, door is feminine and pillow is neuter. It's simply like that. Phrasal verbs work the same way. In many cases, phrasal verbs are very old already and so the English native speakers of today's time don't understand their origins or the reason for their existence and their meaning either.
Maybe as a little trick I can tell you this: although there are tons of phrasal verbs in the English language, there are about 50-100 that are used all the time. If you know these, you can get by (<-- phrasal verb ;-)) pretty well.
Also listening to English podcasts and watching movies helps a lot. Phrasal verbs are mostly used in spoken English because they are considered very informal. You will only find few phrasal verbs in novels and in academic texts, they're forbidden.2