Is the castration of bulls considered animal cruelty?

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In the United States, more than 17 million bulls are castrated yearly that range in age from 1 day to 1 year old.

If castration is performed at the feedlot or backgrounding operation, these calves have a marked reduction in weight gain and are twice as likely to get sick as steers (one study found 28% sickness in steers vs 60% sickness in bulls castrated on arrival).
Is the castration of bulls considered animal cruelty?
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Is the castration of bulls considered animal cruelty?
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