Rebels as in ISIS?
Yes, ISIS is one example. There are also Al Qaeda affiliates (Al-Nusra Front}, and many moderate Syrians who simply wish for better and freer lives for their friends and families. Many different agendas in Syria, and Assad appears to have destroyed them at great cost to his country. Whether or not his government is sustainable in the long term remains to be seen. In the short term, Russia, and to a lesser degree, Iran are calling the shots. Methinks this story is far from over.
There are many factions, 2 U. S. backed that were also fighting each other, Kurdish, Syrian Rebels, Government forces, Turks, ISIS, Al Qaeda, and others. It is a combat free for all.
Isn't there a ceasefire? I haven't been paying attention.
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Not always. Assad is like Saddam, anyone who opposes him and Syria's bath party will be killed.
Looks like he won. I though Russia helped him.