Please keep in mind that the difference between envy and jealousy is that envy is the emotion of coveting what someone else has, while jealousy is the emotion related to fear that something you have will be taken away by someone else.
Most Helpful Girl
It is right, but envy and jealousy can get very close together when there is lack of knowledge about what you have and what you do not have, what you should have and what you should not have.
when there is more similarity between the individuals in a group and people inside it fail to see the distinction and differences between themselves, there will be always jealousy.
usually people who are completely aware of themselves never get jealous but can get envious seeing the beauty, richness, quality of another person/creature/thing.
people who are not aware of themselves and more than that are confused about themselves can get jealous even in the situation of envy. they can turn envy into jealousy because even though something is not theirs to lose and feel threatened by the thought of losing it, they wrongly feel they have it or unreasonably think they should have had it. simply 1. because they are unaware of what they really have, 2. they see something and get envious 3. they lie to themselves about having or needing that thing 4. jealousy begins.
an example of envy and jealousy is between women and men and women and women. normal women who are aware of their femininity and qualities usually can be/are envious of men but they usually don't get jealous of men unless they are very confused about their femininity (that's a deeper level of confusion about self). But with other women they usually, if not always, have competition and can easily get jealous in those competitors.
and I said competition ---> competition is over something you think you should have and/or need. and the competitors have similar qualities. like a group of swimmers or runners. so it has all the factors for beginning jealousy.
now between women too those of them who are more concious and intelligent and their knowledge of their personal values is deeper are very less likely to get jealous of other women. Because even with all the similarities, they manage to see the distinction between themselves as an individual and others regardless of their sex.
and again that awareness is why women in general can be more jealous than men. not because they always have things being taken away from them but because generally women are less aware of themselves and what they have and what they truly want. and men (generally) are more aware. so we see women can get easily jealous over something they don't even need.
so I'd say...2
Most Helpful Guy
1. Envy & Jealousy are both a very natural sentiment especially in humans.
2. Neither of them immaterial of their definition & description has anything to do with 'nothing to lose'
3. These aren't a shortcoming but a state of non realization
4. Jealousy isn't something to do with something you have necessarily something one possesses and someone else can take it away, jealousy also arises out of you coveting something that is in someone else's possession :)1