Personally it would be hard for. me to choose. I live in the south and love it, but it would suck knowing the country is. being torn apart by difference in opinions especially when they involve people just for being different. So I would remain neutral even though living in the South I probably would have had to fought for the south.
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1. Pre-war, the Northern controlled Congress passed tariffs which hindered the South's ability to sell cotton in foreign markets. Although only 18.5% of US citizens lived in the South, they were saddled with paying more than 50% of all tariffs collected in the US. And an additional tariff was enacted 2 days before Lincoln's first inauguration. Why? Because the South was forced to sell cotton to Northern manufacturers at cheap prices and Northern industrialists then made substantial profits on the fabric they made. The North profited from the institution of slavery!
2. On March 4, 1861, in President Lincoln’s first inaugural address, he said, “I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so.”
3. The war started on April 12, 1861 (not 1860.)
4. In 1861, Major Gen. John C. Fremont placed the state of Missouri under martial law and decreed that all slaves would be declared free. The proclamation caused political trouble for Lincoln and he ordered Fremont to rescind the edict on September 11, 1861. Lincoln sent an order on October 22, 1861, removing Fremont from his command. If the war was about ending slavery, why would Lincoln force Fremont to rescind the proclamation? And why did he later remove Fremont from command?
5. Lincoln did not sign the Emancipation Proclamation until 1863. Why? The Emancipation did not free all slaves in the US. It did not free all slaves in the Southern states. Tennessee is excluded because it was already under Union control and Lincoln did not want to incite the residents to rise up against the occupying Union troops. Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri - all border states which allowed slavery - are excluded. Also excluded are parts of Louisiana and Virginia which were also under Union control.
6. The masses in both Britain and France had sympathized with the North chiefly because they hated slavery. But, Confederate apologists in England and France argued that Lincoln, according to his own declaration, was fighting not for freedom of black people but for power - not to end an abominable social evil, but to secure the dominance of the North. England and France had been moving towards political recognition of the Confederacy and forcing the North, through political pressures, to cease hostilities. However, the turn of popular sentiment against the South led to the abandonment of those plans.2