When Islam started they went on a mission to expand their religion across the world and to rule land. They gave people a choice, die, convert, or pay a tax.
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Most Helpful Girl
The original Muslims were persecuted. Now, the terrorists instill that same fear the very first followers felt. But honestly, at the end of the film I watched on early Islam I had to ask my teacher a questions about why the Muslims were destroying the pagan idols after facing religious persecution and understanding how bad it felt.
Those are my jumbled passing thoughts.
Those guys now, I don't think the higher ups truly believe in anything but power and causing pain. I'm sure there were guys like that in the old days, but I don't think Muhammad was just out for power.0
Most Helpful Guy
Actually, that's not strictly true. When Islam started, they didn't go on a mission to expand their religion across the world and to rule land. It is now apparent that conversion by force, while not unknown, was in fact rare in the initial expansion phase of Islam. The Arab conquerors didn't repeat the mistake made by the Byzantine and Sasanian empires, who had tried and failed to impose an official religion on subject populations, which had caused resentments that made the Muslim conquests more acceptable to them. Instead, the rulers of the new empire generally respected the traditional middle-Eastern pattern of religious pluralism, which was not one of equality but rather of dominance by one group over the others.
After the end of military operations, which involved sacking of some monasteries and confiscation of Zoroastrian fire temples in Syria and Iraq, the early caliphate was characterized by religious tolerance and peoples of all ethnicities and religions blended in public life. Before Muslims were ready to build mosques in Syria, they accepted Christian churches as holy places and shared them with local Christians. In Iraq and Egypt, Muslim authorities cooperated with Christian religious leaders. Numerous churches were repaired and new ones built during the Umayyad era.
The first Umayyad caliph Muawiyah sought to reassure the conquered peoples that he was not hostile to their religions and made an effort to enlist support from Christian Arab elites. There is no evidence for public display of Islam by the state before the reign of Abd al-Malik (685–705), when Quranic verses and references to Muhammad suddenly became prominent on official documents. This change was motivated by a desire to unify the Muslim community after the second civil war, and rally them against their chief common enemy, the Byzantine empire.
A further change of policy only came after their disastrous failure of the siege of Constantinople in 718, accompanied by massive Islamic casualties, led to a spike of popular animosity among Muslims toward Byzantium and Christians in general. These events prompted introduction of restrictions on non-Muslims, which were modeled both on the Byzantine Papacy's curbs on Jews, such as prohibitions against building new synagogues and giving testimony against Christians, and on Sasanian regulations that prescribed distinctive attire for different social classes. Islam went the way it did because it followed contemporary Christianity 's example.0
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