Yes, I believe so :)
My last cat was 18 years old when we had to put her to sleep. I've seen her go through so many human-like emotions ! Pride, remorse, love, fear, compassion... It was amazing to see her like this. When she did something wrong, she would know it, and she tried to hide or to be particularly nice to us hoping we'd soften for this time. We didn't have to punish her, she'd show remorse. She seemed to understand the tones we used when talking, which made it easy to reprimand her.
I miss her so bad...
We took a new kitten, but she doesn't seem to have the finesse my old cat had. Perhaps it'll come when she grows older with us... I'd say some cats have human-like emotions, but some others only feel the basic survival emotions (fear and such).