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A scale is a particular set of notes that work well with each other, just like a chord. A chord is a way of playing a note, but adding a few other notes that ‘play well’ with it to make the sound fuller. Each song has a regular note it expands from. This is the key. When you know the key, usually a chord that becomes common in a song, you can then just play notes from scales associated with that note.
For example: I could play a song in the key of D. Say I play a chord pattern of DAGD. Key is D. So to solo you can simply play a D scale over what I’m playing. The D scale contains all the notes that will work well with anything I’m playing in D.
There are other scales that can work as you learn them but for now keep it simple. More complex songs shift key at certain parts. In your soloing you can change scales to match the key.
A simple way to try is to record a chord pattern for a song or find someone on YouTube playing a simple one. Play it back over and over and just play notes from the scale associated with the key over it. You can be soloing this afternoon if you learn one scale and try this.
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