I think its more of a talent but of course there is practice involved.
I look at it like this, there are three measurements:
-starting point /baseline/minimum (how good you are when you first start out)
-rate of progression (how quickly you improve with practice)
-maximum potential (the point at which you peak or stop getting better)
The idea that we have unlimited potential is foolish. Everyone rises, hits a point that where they never pass and then start to decline. It happens to everyone, intellectuals, atheletes, artists, musicians, etc.
So everyone can practivmce and improve from whatever their basline/minimum is but those with an innate talent generally start off at a higher level, have faster rates of progression, and also peak at a higher level compared to those without that innate talent.
its both, people can have the innate talent to draw and paint which is commonly a result of very early exposure to art at an early age and makes talented individuals tend to learn faster in these practices, but that doesn't mean that only gifted people can do it, there are so many people in the world who are artistic in many ways and most of them learned the old fashioned way :)
for example, i was at a very young age able to draw and paint as well as sculpt clay models, but while i was good at that i found digital and 3d art challenging, while a friend of mine has never drawn or painted in her life but became so skilled in digital art and 3d art in such a short time, skill is defined by the effort and dedication to learn, and talent is really just a way the mind wired itself to adjust to its skill-set easier, that doesn't mean that talented people are better, because normal people can easily beat them :p
Painting and drawing are both something that can be learned or it can be a natural talent I happen to be naturally talented in all kinds of artistic things, painting, drawing, poetry etc. But I still learn them in order to get better at them and master them.
And people who do not have a natural affinity for art can still learn how to do it, there will just be a more extreme learning curve I guess.
since drawing is a combination of using your imagination in your brain and motor skills in your hands to transfer an idea from your imagination through your hand onto paper (or whatever you are drawing on) it is a skill that can be thought, however some people can have a talent for it like they can have one for anything.
It's both. Drawing can be learned, but how good you're capable of getting at it depends on how artistically talented you are. I can learn to play the guitar, but without talent I'll never approach Jimmy Hendrix's ability.
while i think it's a bit of both, i voted a~ it's a talent.
why? i have a visual disability that affects how my brain processes 3d images; it's fairly uncommon (according to the doc who treated me, only 6 in every 1000 people have it), but no amount of practice or lessons will turn me into an artist.
raw talent can be refined or expanded upon, though one can't teach a fish how to climb a tree.
I have drawn for my whole life, since I was a small child. I have always been good at it and there are people who are much much much better than me. I think the born talent and interest gives a good head start but I have also learned so much from teachers and professors. I had one professor who was very encouraging when it came to this topic. Whenever a beginner student would say they are "bad" at shading or perspective or measuring or whatever, she would say that nobody is BAD at art. It is a skill that can be learned if you try hard.
Its both. You need talent to "see" the things you want to draw, but drawing is also a series of tricks and rules, and those you can learn. Its like taking pictures. Its the eye who will make the correct composition and framing; the camera only adds quality to the picture.