Abraham Maslow published his famous Hierarchy of Needs concept several decades ago. His thinking was that there were basic needs for survival for all human beings. It is my contention that this must apply to institutional governance. Namely, policy makers should shape decision making based on the hierarchy of needs.
It is my contention that society doesn't evolve based on any of these concepts. These concepts are merely a reflection of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. This is the natural law of the world. It is the natural law of life.
In nature there is a concept called homeostasis. The idea is that all parts of a cell must functions properly in or to survive. In other words, there must be a healthy balance of sorts. In early stages of life, species were advanced by homeostasis with other cells or organism to create complete organisms. Over millions of years of evolution the world saw the rise of tiny germy organisms, to colonies of cells, to advanced cells, to new creatures, to complex creatures, to thinking creatures, to homosapiens.
Homeostasis continues to this day. Among human species it is among nation states. In prehistoric times man was a wonderer, then became larger family units, then became herds, then became small colonies.
By Ancient Greece the City was the primary focus of a nation state.
After Greece, the idea of being from a state could be seen in the concept of Rome. In America, we were colonies, then became states, and now we see ourselves as a nation.
Unless government policy focuses on Maslows human needs, it shall be imperfect. The greater share of budget should go to the bottom of the pyramid.