Who is a penguin's favourite family member? Aunt Arctica! I'm kidding, but here's 10 facts about the most loveable tuxedo-wearing bird there is;
1. There are 17 species of penguin, each one is slightly different!
2. All penguins are found exclusively in the southern hemisphere, most of us live at the South Pole on Antarctica.
3. Emperor Penguins (like me) are the tallest species, ranging between 3'6" to 4'2" feet!
The smallest is the Little Blue Penguin, which are only 0'3" - 0'4" feet tall.
4. The fastest of all the penguins is the Gentoo, which can swim up to 22mph!
5. We ingest a lot of seawater while fishing, but a special gland behind our eyes—the supraorbital gland—filters out the saltwater from our blood stream.
We excrete it through our beaks, or by sneezing.
6. Most birds lose and replace feathers a few at a time.
Not us penguins though! We go through something called the catastrophic molt. That means we will spend two or three weeks landbound while we look a little funky.
7. Only two species of penguins don't breed in mass colonies.
A colony is a big group of penguins, that can sometimes range into the thousands!
8. Most penguin species mate for life, not me though!
Because I'm an emperor penguin, and we have a new mate every year.
9. Some species create nests for their eggs out of pebbles and loose feathers.
Not us emperor penguins though! We incubate a single egg each breeding season on the top of our feet, under a loose fold of skin that keeps the egg warm.
10. The first published account of penguins comes from Antonio Pigafetta, who was aboard Ferdinand Magellan's first circumnavigation of the globe in 1520.
They were spotted near what was probably Punta Tombo in Argentina. (He called us "strange geese.")
So, did you learn anything interesting? What other facts do you know about penguins?
Thank you for reading, I hope you enjoyed!