I have many friends from Mexico that live in America. I have a friend that looks like Katy Perry with a thick Spanish accent, and she tells me that people say they thought she was white until she tells them that she is from Mexico.
Her being from Mexico should not make her any less white, just the same as if she was a mestizo from Mexico it would not make her any less Mexican.
Perhaps when a person thinks of a certain look from Mexico they think of someone with these features or what I call a Mestizo look.
Everyone has a certain look in their head of what they think of when they think of the way the people look in a certain country. There is nothing wrong with that, it actually helps categorize things and it's only human nature.
(Enirique Pena Nieto, the current president of Mexico seen above)
However, racially speaking 62% of people in Mexico are mestizo
(White and indigenous) 21% are predominately indigenous,
7% indigenous, and Other is 10%. Ok so let's break down these groups first.
(Guillermo del toro: Mexican film director)
(Emilio Jean: Mexican businessman)
Mexicans who are white are estimated to be 9-17%. However, some whites identify with the mestizo label. The indigenous race of Mexico makes up 14.9%.
Now this is where things get complicated, Mexico does not report race in their census, only what a person identifies with culturally.
(Jose Kuribrena: Mexican politician with white and Lebanese mixture)
There are an estimates 1,100,000 Arabs in Mexico. Some arabs could also possibly be culturally identifying as mestizo too.
Descendants of African slaves in mexico: Finally, we have 1.38 million blacks in Mexico or what some may call black mexicans. A part of that group are the descendants of the African slaves in Mexico, there were a lot of interracial marriages between the indigenous and the blacks during the colonial era in Mexico. 9.3% of blacks speak an indigenous language.
So culturally they have identified with the indigenous population, which makes them indigenous regardless of the percentage of indigenous and black admixture they have.
(Rene Juarez Cisneros: Mexican politician)
Recent Immigrants: These blacks are not descendants of the slaves in Mexico but are naturalized citizens from Africa and the Caribbean, thus making them culturally different from the other blacks who's ancestors have lived in Mexico for decades.
(Lupita Nyongo: Kenyan Mexican actress with dual citizenship. At the age of 16 she went back to Mexico for several months to learn Spanish)
In Conclusion, Mexico is united under what can be called by the Spanish term la raza, which to me means race through country not biological blood, but from the blood, sweat and tears of the people in the country. The various racial admixture of each person does not take away from the national identity of a Mexican but strengthens it.
This makes the way that race is viewed in Mexico different from America, because a person in America will always be seen as African-American, Asian American, or Italian American solely based on their racial admixture even though they share the same nationality.