Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History


Flag means honour, independence, nation, homeland and history. Every country have its own flag and anthem. Ever wanted to get know about meanings of other flags? Well I did, so now I'll share some with you; I couldn't find enough images for some countries so just never mind those.


The flag of Turkey is based on the banner of the Ottoman Empire, which preceded modern-day Turkey. The crescent moon and star serve as insignia for the Turks, as well as being traditional symbols of Islam. According to legend, the flag represents the reflection of the moon and a star in a pool of blood of Turkish warriors. The flag is often called al bayrak (the red flag) and referred to as al sancak (the red banner) in the Turkish national anthem.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History

Picture represents the event that happened in 1389 Battle of Kosovo, which was fought between the Ottomans and Serbian Principality. It resulted in Ottoman victory but both sides had a lot of casualties. Ottomans had this flag after battle of Kosovo but they used it as only ''War Flag''. Later on in 1844 they decided to officially adopt it and make it country's national flag. And it never changed after establishment of Turkish Republic.


Sometimes referred to as the “Stars and Stripes”, or “Old Glory,” the American flag features 13 stripes representing the original colonies and 50 stars representing the states in the union. Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey, a naval flag designer, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, designed the 1777 flag while he was the Chairman of the Continental Navy Board's Middle Department, sometime between his appointment to that position in November 1776 and the time that the flag resolution was adopted in June 1777.In 1795, the number of stars and stripes was increased from 13 to 15 (to reflect the entry of Vermont and Kentucky as states of the Union). For a time the flag was not changed when subsequent states were admitted, probably because it was thought that this would cause too much clutter.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History


Combining the crosses of the patron saints of England, Wales, and Scotland, the Union Jack as it is sometimes called is one of the oldest flags in the world having been around since 1801.

The national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the Union Jack, also called the "Union Flag".The current design of the Union Jack dates from the union of Ireland and Great Britain in 1801.

It consists of the red cross of Saint George(patron saint of England), edged in white, superimposed on the Cross of St Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which are superimposed on the Saltire of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland). Wales, however, is not represented in the Union Flag by Wales's patron saint, Saint David, as at the time the flag was designed Wales was part of the Kingdom of England.The earlier flag of Great Britain was established in 1606 by a proclamation of King James VI and I of Scotland and England.The new flag of the United Kingdom was officially created by an Order in Council of 1801.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History


Although black, red, and gold have represented Germany since medieval times, the current colors are said to represent the 19th century volunteers who fought on behalf of the country in the Napoleonic Wars.The flag of Germany is a tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germany: black, red, andgold.The flag was first adopted as the national flag of modern Germany in 1919, during the Weimar Republic.

Germany has two competing traditions of national colours, black-red-gold and black-white-red, which have played an important role in themodern history of Germany. The black-red-gold tricolour first appeared in the early 19th century and achieved prominence during the 1848 Revolutions.


Known as the “French Tricolore” it is based on a red, white, and blue cockade that King Louis XVI wore while addressing a revolutionary gathering in Paris.The royal government used many flags, the best known being a blue shield and gold fleur-de-lis (the Royal Arms of France) on a white background, or state flag. Early in the French Revolution, the Paris militia, which played a prominent role in the storming of the Bastille, wore a cockade of blue and red,the city's traditional colours.

According to Lafayette, white, the "ancient French colour", was added to the militia cockade to create a tricolour, or national, cockade.This cockade became part of the uniform of the National Guard, which succeeded the militia and was commanded by Lafayette.The colours and design of the cockade are the basis of the Tricolour flag, adopted in 1790.The only difference was that the 1790 flag's colours were reversed.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History


The flag of India is sometimes called the “tiranga” which means “tricolor” in Hindi. When it was introduced in 1931 the stripes represented the two main groups in India. The green was the Muslims and the orange was the Hindus. The white stripe represented the desire for their to be peace between them. The meanings, however, have been updated since then. The wheel in the middle has 24 spokes, each one supposedly representing one hour of the day.


The Russian tricolour flag was adopted as a merchant flag at rivers in 1705. The choice of colors is significant in that they represent in order of priority, white for God, Blue for king and Red for people and/or country These colors of the flag of Russia inspired the choice of the "Pan-Slavic colours" by the Prague Slavic Congress, 1848. Two other Slavic countries, Slovakia and Slovenia, have flags similar to the Russian one, but with added coats-of-arms for differentiation.

On 7 May 1883, the Russian flag was authorized to be used on land, and it became an official National flag before the coronation of Tsar Nicholas II in 1896.

The flag continued to be used by the Russian Provisional Government after the Tsar was toppled in the February Revolution and was not replaced until the October Revolution which established the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic.During the Second World War the white-blue-red tricolor has been used by the collaborationist troops of Andrey Vlasov, who was allied with Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union. It was not until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 that the tricolor was brought back as the official flag of the new Russian Federation. The modern era flag underwent a proportion change in 1993 and has been official since 2000.


The flag of Pakistan was officially adopted on August 14, 1947.The symbolic flag of Pakistan uses white to represent non-Muslims within the country; green and white combined represent peace and economic success; the white crescent represents future progress, and the star is symbolic of knowledge.The flag is a green field with a white crescent moon and five-rayed star at its centre, and a vertical white stripe at the hoist side. Though the green colour is mandated only as 'dark green',its official and most consistent representation is Pakistan green, which is shaded distinctively darker. The flag was designed by Amiruddin Kidwai, and is based on the All-India Muslim League flag.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History

South Africa

The colors have no official meaning the red, green, and black are derived from Nelson Mandela’s political party, the African National Congress, and the former Boer Republics. The Y shape is said to reference the convergence of cultures in the nation.The flag of South Africa was adopted on 27 April 1994, at the beginning of South Africa's 1994 general election, to replace the flag that had been used since 1928. The new national flag, designed by the then State Herald of South Africa Frederick Brownell, was chosen to represent the new democracy.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History


According to tradition, the Sun Goddess Amaterasu founded Japan about 2700 years ago. Sun Goddess Amaterasu is also believed to be the ancestor of Jimmu, the first emperor of Japan. So, the emperor is known as the “Son of the Sun” and Japan is called the “Land of the Rising Sun.” The ancient history Shoku Nihongi says that Emperor Mommu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701, and this is the first recorded use of a sun-motif flag in Japan. The sun-disc flag was adopted as the national flag for merchant ships under Proclamation issued on February 27, 1870. The Nisshōki flag is designated as the national flag in the Law Regarding the National Flag and National Anthem, which was promulgated and became effective on August 13, 1999.


Also known as the “Maple Leaf Flag”, the maple leaf wasn’t actually added until many years later when Prime Minister Lester Pearson petitioned to have it included as during World War I he noticed many battalions including a maple leaf on their insignia.The Canadian Red Ensign had been unofficially used since the 1890s and was approved by a 1945 Order in Council for use "wherever place or occasion may make it desirable to fly a distinctive Canadian flag''.Many different flags created for use by Canadian officials, government bodies, and military forces contain the maple leaf motif in some fashion, either by having the Canadian flag charged in the canton, or by including maple leaves in the design.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History


The large star represents the Communist Party. The four smaller stars represent the four social classes of the traditional Chinese society - the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie (capitalists) - united under the Communist Party of China. Five 5-pointed stars reflects the importance of the number five in Chinese philosophy (The number 5 is associated with the five elements - Water, Fire, Earth, Wood, and Metal - and hence, it was historically associated with the Emperor of China)


The current flag of Brazil was officially adopted on November 15, 1889.

The flag is green, symbolic of Brazil's lush fields and forests. Its primary feature is a large yellow diamond, symbolic of Brazil's wealth in gold, and in its center floats a blue celestial globe.
It includes 27 white five-pointed stars (one for each state and the Federal District) arranged in the same pattern as the night sky over Brazil. The globe displays a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO translation = (Order and Progress.) The stars, whose position in the flag reflect the sky over Rio de Janeiro on November 15, 1889, represent the union's federated units each star representing a specific state, plus one for the Federal District.

Country Flag Meanings and National Anthems: A Brief History
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